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Elbow Pain Specialist

Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C.

Sports Medicine & Primary Care Practice located in Lawrenceville, NJ

From dislocations to arthritis, wide-ranging conditions cause elbow pain in people of all ages. The team at Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C. in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, treats elbow pain in patients ages 4 and older. If you or a loved one has elbow pain, don’t hesitate to call the office or book an appointment online today.

Elbow Pain Q & A

What is elbow pain?

Elbow pain is a common symptom that can arise from damage to any part of the joint, including the tendons, bones, nerves, or bursae, which are fluid-filled sacs that provide cushioning. Elbow pain can be the result of sudden trauma, like a fall, or it may begin slowly and worsen over time.

The team at Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C. takes a functional medicine approach to treating elbow pain, which involves addressing the root problem. 

What causes elbow pain?

The team at Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C. treats many conditions that cause elbow pain, including:

Tennis elbow

Also called lateral epicondylitis, tennis elbow is inflammation in the tendons on the outside of the elbow. Tennis elbow is common in people who play racquet sports, as well as cooks, carpenters, plumbers, and painters.

Golfer’s elbow

Medial epicondylitis, or golfer’s elbow, is similar to tennis elbow, but it affects the tendons on the inner side of the elbow. Common causes of golfer’s elbow include swinging a golf club, throwing a baseball, or using a hammer.


Olecranon bursitis is inflammation of the bursae in the elbow. Bursitis can be due to a blow to the elbow, leaning on the elbow for too long, or a medical condition like arthritis or infection. 


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis to affect the elbow. This condition occurs when the cartilage in your elbow wears down and becomes damaged, which may cause stiffness and a grating sensation when you move the elbow.

Fractures and dislocations

Elbow fractures and dislocations are especially common in children due to their high activity levels. Both injuries cause pain, swelling, and noticeable changes to the elbow’s appearance.

Sprains and strains

Ligament sprains and tendon or muscle strains can occur when these soft tissues stretch beyond their means and ultimately tear. Sprains and strains cause pain, instability, and reduced range of motion. Weightlifting is a common cause of sprains and strains.

How is elbow pain diagnosed and treated?

First, your Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C. provider reviews your symptoms and medical history and performs a physical exam. They may also take tests, such as an X-ray or musculoskeletal ultrasound, to diagnose your elbow pain.

Then, they create an individualized treatment plan to get you back to your normal activities as soon as possible. Depending on your specific needs, treatment for elbow pain may include:

  • Activity modification
  • Physical therapy
  • Braces or immobilization
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen
  • Corticosteroid injections

The team may also teach you exercises to perform at home to prevent elbow pain in the future.

For expert care of elbow pain, call Princeton Sports and Family Medicine, P.C., or book an appointment online today.